1. Renewing of the forest industry require emerging wood-based products for value-added applications.
  2. Novel carbon materials would emphasize solutions reduce effects of global warming e.g. in form of light composites and clean energy.
  3. Large business potential on many application fields, e.g. clean energy technologies, efficient processes like separation and filtration, utilizing engineered carbon structures in high performing added value materials.
  4. Our background knowledge enables the use of bio-based polymers in formation of precursors with complicated shapes and various sized for tailored functional carbon materials.

Novel Carbon Materials

Carbon materials have many general properties which makes them attractive in various applications Division of carbons into conventional, new and nanocarbons mainly adopted from Inagaki and Radovic is presented in Table below. Nanocarbon can also be divided into 1) single nanostructured materials, 2) films and nanostructured coatings and 3) nanostructured bulk materials.

Carbon materials, especially nanocarbons, but also macroscopic carbons such as carbon fibres are intensively studied at the moment. While nanocarbon materials are typically prepared in gas synthesis methods, macroscopic carbon materials are usually prepared by carbonization of suitable solid precursors. These precursors can have various shapes and dimensions depending on the application field including particles, fibres and wires, sheets and fabrics, and spatial objects such as 3-D fabrics and foams.